I have made the decision to get deeply into the history of organic-based materials with electrical properties. I consider that reading about how discoveries where made or even how some projects have failed is a double win-win situation.
One of the reasons is that being aware of how scientists address fundamental questions, raised before and after a scientific discovery has been made, gives you a better picture of at what extent your scientific project can have an impact on the field. Another motivation, maybe the most important for me, is that you can know a little bit of the personal life of the people behind amazing and exciting findings.
I am posting some facts that I have been collected in my personal notes for the first part of the thesis:
First scientist involved in the study of conductive organic polymers (before the discovery of metallic conductivity in polyacetylene):
- Donald Weiss on polypyrrole
- René Buvet and Marcel Jozefowicz on polyaniline.
- Hermann Staudinger developed the concept of macromolecules during the 1920s. Staudinger was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1953 “for his discoveries in the field of macromolecular chemistry”
- Wallace Carothers invented nylon in 1935.
- Flory published in 1953 his book: Principles of Polymer Chemistry. Nobel prize 1974.
- Ziegler and Natta were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 “for their discoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers”
- Professor Bengt Eanlay dessignated electrically conducting polymers as the “fourth generation of polymeric materials“